Vinyasa Yoga refers to a range of Yogic exercise. The term Vinyasa refers to synchronized breathing movement. This means that as you inhale and exhale you are required to move from one posture to the next. This is also referred to as the Vinyasa Flow because of the easy manner in which one pose follows the next without any breaks.
One very simple example of this is the Cat Cow Stretch while the more elaborate one is the Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation).
A cat cow stretch, as the name suggests is where the poses are inspired by the body of a cat and a cow. To begin with one has to get down on all fours in the neutral position. The wrist should be right below the shoulders and the knees right below the hips. This way the spine is the connecting line between the hip and the shoulders. Imagine the spine to be stretching forward till the crown in your head and backward till the tail bone. The neck should be straight such that it is an extension of the spine. This completes the neutral pose. Now in the cow pose, stay as you are in the neutral pose and curl your toe inwards then lower your belly in such a way that your spine is no longer straight and has a dent just above the belly. Now look upwards.
This is then followed by the cat pose, wherein you release the toes to be flat on the floor, then round your spine upwards on the spine to form a curve in your belly, let your head hang downwards and look at the navel. This completes the cat cow stretch. Repeat this every time you inhale and exhale for at least 5-10 times. The spine should be arched when inhaling and curved when exhaling. This motion is extremely beneficial to the spine and the abdomen and also helps in preventing back ache.
The sun salutation sequence, more popularly known as the Surya Namaskar, is slightly more complex but forms the basis of the Vinyasa Yoga. This is a string poses followed by one another are the person exhales and inhales. The speed and the momentum may vary depending on how adept you are at Yoga how it has to be done in tandem with breathing. The main objective of this is to warm the body so that it is ready for various other more complex stretches and exercises.
The various styles within the umbrella of the Vinyasa Yoga are Bikram or Hot Yoga, Jivamukti, Kundalini Anusara, Ashtanga and Power Yoga. The beauty of this form of Yoga is its diversity. There is no single right way to perform this Yoga, it varies according to individuals and that is the reason why you should find a good teacher before you start this. It loosens up your body and makes it flexible an active. It also infuses a lot of energy and vigor into it